In his Presidential Address at the 1998 Annual Conference, Chris Cullen argued that rule-governed behaviour is often insensitive to external changes.
ON 20 November 1997, Mr Jim Compton died of heart failure in a public lavatory 20 yards from the Accident and Emergency Department of his local hospital. Staff had been asked three times to come...
Does early social experience predestine a child's future? Ann Clarke and Alan Clarke examine the evidence.
PERHAPS the most pervasive view
concerning long-term development
has been that early
experiences predetermine the individual’s
future. For Freud, the first five years...
Guest Editors Hilary Hearnshaw and Noelle Robertson introduce a special feature on the role of psychologists in delivering quality in health care.
THE articles in this special feature
describe the opportunities for psychology
created by a growing
interest in the quality of health care provided
in the National Health...
Guest Editor Christine Howe introduces this special issue on the future role of computer technology in higher education.
THE potential currently exists, by drawing a number of technological developments together, to deliver psychology degree courses using computer networks. It would be possible for students to...
Bernice Andrews on current directions in research
WE are the only species with the
ability to self-reflect, and the
nature and origins of our self-judgements
have engaged psychologists
and sociologists since the early days...
Vicki Bruce gave the Presidents' Award lecture at the Society's Annual Conference in Brighton, March 1998.
THE human face is an interesting
object for psychologists to study.
Interpersonal impression formation,
effects of attractiveness or
disfigurement, the perception and...
Life in modern society is full of dilemmas which have serious implications for public welfare. Mark Van Vugt argues that a multi-disciplinary approach involving psychologists is the only way to tackle them successfully.
EVERY citizen enjoys the benefits of
public services, such as hospitals,
libraries and the police, but most
will be reluctant to pay extra taxes to
maintain them. Car...
Keith Oatley on Emotion as the Measure of Humankind-the first of an occasional series of 'State of the Art' guides to major topics in psychology.
IN James Cameron’s film Terminator 2
a humanoid robot played by Arnold
Schwarzenegger explains that he (it)
is equipped with a micro-chip based on
Chris Brewin discusses cutting edge research on intrusive autobiographical memory-and how it could lead to better treatment of depression.
CLIENTS’ memories for their own
history and personal experiences
— what cognitive psychologists
refer to as autobiographical memory —
have never ceased to be a source of...
Robert J. Edelmann
AS a keen observer of human behaviour I have
always been fascinated by one peculiarly human
emotion. An emotion which frequently causes personal
distress and yet, paradoxically,...
Paul Clifford describes the work of the Society's Centre for Clinical Outcomes, Research and Effectiveness.
BARELY a week goes by without a
highly-publicised incident involving
an ex-psychiatric patient. The
media headlines proclaim yet another
failure of community care and...
the subject of a study
by Tanya Garrett.
Here she presents
her findings and
calls on the Society
to give urgent
IN 1992 I conducted a national,
anonymous survey of members of
the Division of Clinical Psychology
(DCP) of The British Psychological
Society in relation to their...
The controversy surrounding Chronic Fatigue Syndrome has overshadowed one very important
issue —how can psychologists help patients with CFS?
Peter Spencer, a former sufferer himself,recalls how cognitive behavioural techniqes helped put him on the road to recovery.
IN the Summer of 1994 I was struck by
the illness known as Chronic Fatigue
Syndrome (a.k.a. Post Viral Fatigue
Syndrome (PVFS) or Myalgic
Encephalomyelitis — ME). It was...
Guy Claxton on the value of not always understanding what is going on.
INTUITION has been an uncomfortable,
and therefore, for most of this
century a neglected, notion in psychology.
It smacks too much of things
from which psychology as an...
The Professional Affairs Board recently called for an authoritative account of thr revision of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme. Tom McMillian and Stephen Ireland take up this challenge.
MANY if not most of us know
someone who has been the
victim of a violent assault, and
can understand that the neurological and
psychological consequences in particular...
Andy Young and Vicki Bruce report on their exhibition at the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.
FOR centuries, the face has provided artists with a subject which is both technically demanding and rich in social significance. Many of the most famous works of Western art have been portraits or...
How do we measure the quality of life facing children with long-term or chronic health problems? Christine Eiser looks at the progress in this article, origanally given as the 1997 C.S. Myers Lecture.
IMPROVEMENTS in medical care
mean that survival rates in children
with a wide range of chronic conditions
have improved significantly within
the relatively recent past. It...
An individual's IQ score is often portrayed as a fixed and unchangeable measure of intelligence. Michael J.A. Howe argues intervention can produce lasting change, but it also needs to take account of a whole range of social circumstances.
CAN a person’s IQ substantially
change? Conflicting answers have
been given. A number of prominent
authorities on intelligence insist that
an individual’s IQ is highly...
Sue Cavill visited Ruth Nissim, a Chartered Educational and Clinical Psychologist with Oxfordshire Social Services*, for our occasional series 'Psychology in practice'.
SOME of the most disadvantaged
children in Britain, those within the
care system, are also the least likely
to receive the help they need, according
to Ruth Nissim, a...
In 1995 the Division of Counselling Psychology commissioned a study of psychologists' views and practices in working with lesbian and gay clients in psychotherapy. Martin Milton and Adrain Coyle prsent the key findings and offer some thoughts on future practice developments.
BRITISH psychologists have paid
relatively little attention to the
issues involved in working with
lesbian and gay clients in psychotherapeutic
contexts. The British
Bernard Kat reports on behalf of the Professional Affairs board.
RECORDS are an important element
of professional practice, whether
they are written or typed on paper,
audio-taped, video-taped, photographed
or recorded through...
Many people gamble regularly on the UK National Lottery. Eileen Hill and Janis Williamson discuss the decisions players make when participating in the Lottery draw, and explain the psychological principles underlying those decisions.
MARK Griffiths, in his article ‘The
National Lottery and scratch-cards’
(The Psychologist, January
1997), claims ‘the lottery phenomenon
has gripped the nation’s psyche’....
Margaret McAllister, President of the
Society from 1996-1997,gave her Presidential Address
at the Society ’s Annual Conference in April 1997.
THE effects of context on human behaviour have long been recognized.
Psychology as a discipline operates in a wide variety of contexts
and I propose to consider some of those contexts...