Children of alcoholism

Alan Price, a postgraduate at the University of Salford, on the hidden epidemic of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and traumatic childhood experiences.

Robert (a pseudonym) was removed from the care of his biological mother and stepfather at age nine, following multiple reports to social services of what an adoption officer later described as the worst case of child neglect they had ever seen. Dangerously underweight, dirty and badly clothed, at age nine Robert had not been properly toilet trained, had underdeveloped speech and communication, and seemed to have had more interaction with the family’s dogs than with his own parents. He was


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